When referring to a female from Mexico in French, the feminine form of the adjective ‘mexicain’ is used. The feminine form is ‘mexicaine’.
Basic French Grammar Rules for Feminine Forms
In French, adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. For feminine singular nouns, the feminine singular form of the adjective is used. For example:
- une femme française – a French woman
- une voiture bleue – a blue car
To form the feminine version of most adjectives in French, you add an ‘e’ to the masculine ending. For adjectives that end in a silent ‘e’ in the masculine form, you just keep that ‘e’ for the feminine form. For example:
There are some irregular feminine forms that don’t follow this pattern, but ‘mexicain/mexicaine’ does follow the regular rules.
‘Mexicain’ is the masculine form of the French adjective used to describe something or someone from Mexico. To make it feminine, you simply add an ‘e’ to make ‘mexicaine’.
Here are some examples of ‘mexicain’ and ‘mexicaine’ in sentences:
- Il est mexicain. – He is Mexican.
- Elle est mexicaine. – She is Mexican.
- C’est une ville mexicaine. – It’s a Mexican city.
- J’adore la cuisine mexicaine. – I love Mexican cuisine.
So in summary, the feminine singular form of ‘mexicain’ is ‘mexicaine’. It’s a regular adjective that follows the standard rules for forming the feminine in French.
More Examples of Feminine Forms in French
Here are some more examples of masculine/feminine adjective pairs in French:
As you can see, most masculine adjectives form the feminine by adding an ‘e’. The exceptions are adjectives that already end in a silent ‘e’ in the masculine form, like ‘beau’ which becomes ‘belle’.
Agreement with Nouns
It’s important to remember that in French, the adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun it describes. So if the noun is feminine singular, use the feminine singular form of the adjective:
- une grande maison – a big house
- une délicieuse glace – a delicious ice cream
If the noun is feminine plural, use the feminine plural form of the adjective:
- des petites filles – small girls
- des belles robes – beautiful dresses
The feminine plural is usually formed by adding an ‘s’ to the feminine singular:
|Masculine Singular||Feminine Singular||Masculine Plural||Feminine Plural|
So in summary, adjectives in French must match the gender and number of the nouns they describe. Use feminine singular for feminine singular nouns, feminine plural for feminine plural nouns, etc.
Nationalities in French
The same rules apply for French adjectives describing nationalities. The masculine singular form is used for males, and the feminine singular form is used for females.
Here are some common nationality adjectives in both masculine and feminine forms:
So in a sentence, you could say:
- Il est américain. – He is American.
- Elle est américaine. – She is American.
- Cet homme est mexicain. – This man is Mexican.
- Cette femme est mexicaine. – This woman is Mexican.
The feminine forms follow the same rules of adding ‘e’ to the masculine endings. Easy once you know the basics!
Here are some more examples of adjective agreement in French:
- Le stylo bleu – The blue pen (masculine)
- La jupe bleue – The blue skirt (feminine)
- Les stylos bleus – The blue pens (masculine plural)
- Les jupes bleues – The blue skirts (feminine plural)
- Le chat gris – The grey cat (masculine)
- La souris grise – The grey mouse (feminine)
- Les chats gris – The grey cats (masculine plural)
- Les souris grises – The grey mice (feminine plural)
For plural adjectives, remember to also make the changes required for plural – usually adding an ‘s’.
Adjective Agreement in Sentences
As a final note, it’s important that the adjective and noun agree throughout the sentence in French, not just next to each other. For example:
- La jupe bleue que j’ai achetée est jolie. – The blue skirt that I bought is pretty.
‘Jupe’ is feminine singular, so ‘bleue’ must also be feminine singular even though separated in the sentence.
- J’ai acheté deux robes rouges pour ma soeur. – I bought two red dresses for my sister.
‘Robes’ is feminine plural, so ‘rouges’ must also be feminine plural when separated.
This fundamental rule is essential to mastering French grammar and vocabulary. With practice, it will become second nature.
- In French, adjectives must match the gender and number of the nouns they describe
- Feminine singular adjectives are usually formed by adding ‘e’ to the masculine ending
- For feminine plurals, usually add ‘s’ to the feminine singular form
- Nationalities also follow this pattern, e.g. mexicain/mexicaine for Mexican
- Adjectives and nouns must agree even when separated in a sentence
So in answer to the original question, the feminine form of ‘mexicain’ is ‘mexicaine’. Understanding these fundamental grammar rules of adjective agreement in French is key for fluency. With regular practice, it will become instinctual over time.